Source evaluation excerpt from chronicle by

Dairy relates to milk and milk production, e. In addition, a substance secreted by pigeons to feed their young is called " crop milk " and bears some resemblance to mammalian milk, although it is not consumed as a milk substitute. Much of the argument is based on monotremes egg-laying mammals.

Source evaluation excerpt from chronicle by


Just ten years ago, it was impossible to imagine that a student interested in the history of the Indian subcontinent could take a virtual tour through archaeological ruins of the ancient Indus River Valley civilization, or watch speeches by Gandhi and other important figures from modern Indian history, all at the click of a mouse.

The website where these resources are found also offers the student pathways to understanding how the peoples of the Indus River Valley may have interacted with other cultures.

In this way, the website, Harappanot only provides a wealth of primary sources, but also a way for the student to see how those sources are part of a larger, more global historical context.

Students who use such websites thus encounter not only excellent primary sources, but also find those sources presented in ways that highlight important trends in world history scholarship.

The Internet offers a rich array of materials for historical research, yet there are also many potential problems when using online primary sources. How authoritative is the website?

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What is the quality of the translations offered on the website? And to what degree are the sources presented in a cross—cultural context? Of course, not every website will be strong in all three of these areas, but attention to the issues raised in this essay will help students avoid many of the pitfalls of Internet Source evaluation excerpt from chronicle by and will increase the chance of finding excellent primary sources.

Authority Although there are now a host of very sound academic resources on the Internet, there are many more poor—quality resources or websites that present biased or incorrect information.

What these students do not realize is that the Aryan migration also currently is the subject of a good deal of controversy among historians. The unwary student, trying to understand the links between 20th century Germany and premodern India, may unwittingly wander into the middle of a heated debate with scholarly as well as non—scholarly participants.

Instead of providing a set of useful primary sources, this link leads to an essay by David Frawley arguing that the Aryan invasion is a myth propagated by the West. Not surprisingly, many pro—Indian or Hindu organizations have taken up his thesis, although Western scholars and many Indian academics strongly criticize it, often for selective and distorted use of evidence.

In fact the article appears within a larger database called FreeIndia. The most common way that novice learners try to sift through the plethora of resources on the Internet is to use search engines, such as GoogleYahoo!

A few specialized search engines offer peer—reviewed websites for particular topics, but these are expensive to set up and maintain. Given the large amount of dubious or irrelevant material generated by most search engines, sifting through these sources becomes a minefield for students who have little training in discriminating good sources from bad.

Faced with too many choices, many students seize upon the first few links and begin to write essays. Researchers should be cautioned that the transcripts are not always reliable and should never be used without checking them against the actual recordings to assure accuracy.

An example of the types of inaccuracies that may appear in the transcripts occurs in the transcript of a conversation between President Johnson and Speaker of the House John McCormack on November 29, The Archives staff has prepared Processing Notes to accompany the transcripts only in those cases where the speaker, date, or time listed on the transcript are inaccurate.

No notations have been prepared to indicate inaccuracies in the text of the transcripts. Commercial websites are the fastest—growing domain on the Internet and include some of the most visited historical websites, such as the History Channel.

By contrast, commercial websites such as the History Channel, although much less likely to include incorrect information, are also much more likely to avoid controversy altogether and rely on out—of—date and conventional interpretations.

When approaching an enthusiast website, one of the most important questions one should ask is who transcribed the materials and from what sources, translations, and editions?

How experienced and accurate are the translator or the transcriptionist? Are the sources presented in their entirety or in excerpted forms? If only an excerpt is offered, is the original context maintained? The many Arthurian websites, of varied quality, offer a clear example of these issues.

Students can easily compile information from many sources without careful evaluation. Although The Celtic Twilight offers many medieval sources on the Arthurian saga, it does not discriminate between sources, such as the original and later renditions by Mark Twain and Thomas Bulfinch All sources are presented without commentary.

Although The Celtic Twilight provides reasonably reliable transcriptions of its translations, inadequate documentation and a lack of context are problematic. Gildas, along with an introduction excerpted from the work of the Arthurian specialist John Morris. Although the excerpt from Gildas is a reliable transcription by J.

Giles, the bibliographical citation for the transcription is incorrect. The Giles translation he claims to have used appeared innot as Donaldson asserts.

Although these errors might seem minor to a casual user, they could also be evidence of a more general lack of careful presentation. By contrast Paul Halsall, with his usual precision, not only has the correct date, but the version he offers in the Internet Medieval Sourcebook includes information on the person who originally transcribed the material for the Internet.Both a contract drafter and a contract reviewer can save some time by first reviewing — together — the Common Draft short-form contract drafts (as well as other clause titles) and discussing just what types of provision they want in their document.

Source evaluation excerpt from chronicle by

The Chronicle Guide to Grants is a database of more than 23, grants awarded by more than 1, foundation and corporate grant makers. It is a compilation of grant awards listed in The Chronicle .

Primary sources to use with lesson plans and handouts on Macbeth critiquing the text in terms of plot, themes, character motivation and character development. Milk is a white liquid nutrient-rich food produced by the mammary glands of is the primary source of nutrition for infant mammals (including humans who are breastfed) before they are able to digest other types of food.

Early-lactation milk contains colostrum, which carries the mother's antibodies to its young and can reduce the risk of many diseases.

Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products. In the following excerpt Azurara narrates the arrival of a Portuguese slaving expedition led by Lançarote de Freitas in and the subsequent division of the people whom he enslaved. Source: Gomes Eannes de Azurara, The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea, trans. Charles Raymond Beazley and Edgar Prestage (Hakluyt Society. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.

May 15,  · When the government gathers or analyzes personal information, many people say they're not worried. "I've got nothing to hide," they declare. "Only if Author: Daniel J.

Solove. Snopes is a useless site. Quoting what Mikelson says about himself and his site is NOT proof of anything, by the way. I have no bias against them but I have learned to mistrust them completely regardless how many citations they cite.

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