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Although you should use these citation formats in this and other biology courses, specific formats vary considerably for individual journals. If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the format of that journal. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature.
A complete listing of citation formats for published materials may be found in Huth et al Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e. Provide a reference to the work as soon as possible after giving the information. Top of Page Standard Text Citation Formats There are exceptions among the various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples in red: Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly.
The reduction in phase three courtship behavior may also be linked to nutritional status Anon. Typically, only the last name of the author s and the year of publication are given,e. Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there.
Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles. The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble.
For two author papers, give both authors' last names e.
Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: Driblickin Oobleck A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e.
Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e. Theses and dissertatons should be cited as follows: A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska.
Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Anchorage. WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review.Downloading a free research paper.
Many of these papers have been written and shared by other students.
Since paper swappers are often not among the best students, free papers are often of poor quality, in both mechanics and content. Formatting a Research Paper; Sample Papers in MLA Style; What You Can Omit When Quoting Sources By Angela Gibson. When quoting from a source, you should transcribe the source exactly (for the few acceptable alterations, see and of the MLA Handbook).
Research Paper FAQ; How to Write a General Research Paper; Argumentative Research Paper; There are three main ways to uses sources in your research paper.
You may quote. You may paraphrase. Or you may summarize. All three require an in-text (parenthetical) citation! Quoting your sources.
RefWorks is a web-based citation manager. Using RefWorks, you can: Import and store citations found in Library databases or other sources; Organize your references into folders.
How to Cite Other Sources in Your Paper [ Table of Contents] [PDF For two author papers, give both authors' last names (e.g., Click the information you want from a research article is an objective result or interpretation. How the author stated this information, i.e., their prose. The Complete Guide to MLA & Citations What You’ll Find on This Guide: This page provides an in-depth overview of MLA format.
It includes information related to MLA citations, plagiarism, proper formatting for in-text and regular citations, and examples of citations for many different types of sources.