District Councils of India The governing of the advance system at the district level in Panchayat Raj is also popularly known as Zila Parishad.
In the structure of the Panchayati Raj, the Village Panchayat is the lowest unit. There is a Panchayat for each village or a group of villages in case the population of these villages happens to be too small. The Panchayat chiefly consists of representatives elected by the people of the village.
The modern panchayati raj of India and its gram panchayats are not to be confused with either the traditional system nor with the extra-constitutional khap panchayats (or . Feb 28, · The three tier Panchayati Raj system is a system of governance founded and implemented by the Government of India to look after the administration at . Panchayati Raj System: Essay on Panchayati Raj System In India! Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation, often emphasized that India lives in villages (at the time of independence, about per cent population of India lived in villages) and unless the village life is revitalized, the nation as a whole cannot make progress.
Only the persons who are registered as voters and do not hold any office of profit under the government are eligible for election to the Panchayat.
The persons convicted by the court for criminal offences are disqualified from election of the Panchayat. There is also provision for co-option of two women and one member of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, if they do not get adequate representation in the normal course.
The Panchayat as a body is accountable to the general body of the village known as Gram Sabha which meets at least twice a year. The Gram Panchayat must present its budget, accounts of the previous year and annual administrative report before the Gram Sabha. In some states the Sarpanch is directly elected by the Gram Sabha either through the show of hands or through secret ballot while in other states the mode of election is indirect.
The Sarpanch occupies a pivotal position in Gram Panchayat system. He supervises and coordinates the various activities of the Panchayat. He is an ex-officio member of the Panchayat Samiti and participates in its decision-making as well as in the election of the Pradhan and of the members of various Standing Committees.
He acts as the executive head of the Panchayat, represents it in the Panchayat Samiti as its spokesman and coordinates its activities and those of other local institutions like cooperatives.
The Panchayat Secretary and the Village Level Worker are the two officers at the Panchayat level to assist the Sarpanch in administration. The Panchayat Secretary assists the Panchayat in recording decisions, keeping minutes, preparing budget estimates and reports, and does other sundry jobs like preparing notices, explaining circulars, organising Gram Sabha meetings etc.
The Village Level Worker now called Village Development Officer assists the Panchayat in drawing up agricultural production plans, helps farmers in securing loans for agriculture, arranges the supply of inputs like seeds and fertilizers, and educates farmers about modern agricultural practices.
He serves as the principal link between the Panchayat and the Panchayat Samiti. He keeps the Panchayat informed of various development programmes and reports to the Panchayat Samiti about the progress of the schemes and achievement of targets. He is accountable to the Sarpanch at the Panchayat level on the one hand, and to the Block Development Officer and extension officers on the other hand at the Samiti level.
The Gram Panchayats can levy certain taxes and duties to meet their expenses. Some of the taxes which the Gram Panchayats can levy include tax on animals, vehicles, house, vacant lands and professions.
They can also levy duty on transfer or property situated in the area under their jurisdiction. The fees paid for presenting civil criminal cases before the Panchayats and fines on account violation of Panchayat laws are other sources of its income.
But a, as the duties to be performed by the Panchayats are so onerous that they have to depend on the state government for further finances.
As regards the principal functions performed by the Village Panchayat, they include maintenance of roads, wells, schools, burning and burial grounds, sanitation, public health, libraries, reading rooms, community centre etc.
The Panchayat also keeps records of births and deaths.
It makes necessary provisions for the promotion of agriculture and animal husbandry, cottage CONTI industries, co-operative societies etc. The minor disputes among residents of village are also settled by the Village Panchayat. It seeks to ensure a minimum standard of cultivation for raising agricultural production.
In addition, the Panchayat also acts as the agent of the Panchayat Samiti in executing schemes of development at the village level. The Panchayat Samiti is the second on join tier of the Panchayati Raj.
The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee report has envisaged the Samiti as a single representative and vigorous democratic institution to take charge of all aspects of development in rural areas. The average population under a Samiti is about 80, but the range is from 35, to 1, 00, The Panchayat Samiti generally consists of- 1 about twenty members elected by and from the Panches of all the Panchayats falling in the block area; 2 two women members and one member each from the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to be co- opted, provided they do not get adequate representation otherwise; 3 two local persons possessing experience of public life and administration, which may be beneficial for the rural development; 4 representatives of the Co-operatives working within the jurisdiction of the block; 5 one representative elected by and from the members of each small municipality lying within the geographical limits of a block; 6 the members of the State and Union legislatures representing the area are to be taken as associate members.
The President of the Panchayat Samiti is the Pradhan, who is elected by an electoral college consist of all members of the Panchayat Samiti and all the Panchas of the Gram Panchayat falling within the areas.
Besides the Pradhan, the Up-pradhan is also elected. The Pradhan convenes and presides over the Panchayat Samiti meetings. He guides the Panchayats in making plans and carrying out production programmes.
He ensures the implementation of the decisions and resolutions of the Samiti and its Standing Committees. He is a member of the Zilla Parishad by virtue of his office as a Pradhan.
He is the ex- officio chairman of the Standing Committees of the Samiti. He prepares the budget of the Samiti and places it before the Samiti for approval.
Preparing the annual report of the Samiti and sending it to the Zilla Parishad and State Government also comes within the purview of his responsibility. He is accountable to the President of the Samiti for his actions. The Panchayat Samiti supervises the work of the Panchayats and scrutinises their budgets.The Panchayati Raj system was a common government structure used throughout South Asian countries for nearly years.
In this article learn about the historical and modern use of Panchayati Raj. 7 days ago · He said there was a need to further strengthen the Panchayati Raj system and maintained that concentration of power in the hands of the Centre and the PMO would affect the functioning of a.
7 days ago · He said there was a need to further strengthen the Panchayati Raj system and maintained that concentration of power in the hands of the Centre and the PMO would affect the functioning of a democratic country like India. The Panchayat raj is a South Asian political system found mainly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, and Nepal.
It is the oldest system of local government in South Asia, and historical mentions date to the c. AD period. . Jan 18, · The three tier Panchayati Raj system is a system of governance founded and implemented by the Government of India to look after the administration at the Panchayat level.
The three-tiers of this system are: 1. Village Panchayat or Gram Panchayat 2. Block Panchayat or Block Samiti 3.
Zila Panchayat or Zila Parishad. Welcome To Panchayati Raj, Rajasthan: Panchayati Raj system has a three tier structure: Total Districts: 33; Total Panchayat Samities: Raj e-Panchayat Software 1 GP in 1 PS Order.
This is the official Website of Panchayati Raj. Govt. of Rajasthan.