Her father managed a fur trading business in China, where he died of tuberculosis inwhen Susan was five years old. Army Captain Nathan Sontag. Susan and her sister, Judith, took their stepfather's surname, although he did not adopt them formally.
Share via Email 'True translation demands a return to the pre-verbal' … John Berger at home in Paris in Ed Alcock for the Guardian I have been writing for about 80 years. First letters then poems and speeches, later stories and articles and books, now notes.
Writing, however, is an off-shoot of something deeper and more general — our relationship with language as such. And the subject of these few notes is language. The conventional view of what this involves proposes that the translator or translators study the words on one page in one language and then render them into another language on another page.
Many — perhaps most — translations follow this procedure and the results are worthy, but second-rate.
Because true translation is not a binary affair between two languages but a triangular affair. The third point of the triangle being what lay behind the words of the original text before it was written. True translation demands a return to the pre-verbal.
This practice reminds us that a language cannot be reduced to a dictionary or stock of words and phrases.
And within one mother tongue are all mother tongues. Or to put it another way — every mother tongue is universal. Noam Chomsky has brilliantly demonstrated that all languages — not only verbal ones — have certain structures and procedures in common. And so a mother tongue is related to rhymes with?
Words, terms, phrases can be separated from the creature of their language and used as mere labels. Most mainstream political discourse today is composed of words that, separated from any creature of language, are inert.
I picture myself as a stop-gap man rather than a consequential, professional writer. And there, they are instantly recognised and greeted by a host of other words, with whom they have an affinity of meaning, or of opposition, or of metaphor or alliteration or rhythm.
They are questioning the roles I allotted them. So I modify the lines, change a word or two, and submit them again. Others can place me as they like as a writer.essays john berger librarydoc75 or just about any type of ebooks, for any type of product.
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Feb 26, · A study he conducted of the most e-mailed articles in The New York Times, Mr. Berger says, showed that pieces about health and education were .
In the opening essay of Ways of Seeing (), a volume of seven critical essays- four Politics & Society, The Magazine March 10, Ways of Saying: John Berger and Shubh Laxmi. View John Berger Selected Essays from BIOLOGY at Fresno Pacific University. BY THE SAME AUTHOR-, John Berger Selected Essays lnto Their Labours .
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