Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. By George Elerick "Reach for your goal. It is consumerism dressed up in the fad of achieving our personal potential. I think we have also come to do the same with morality.
PhD candidate in philosophy. I think a lot. Our values—what we feel to be good and bad, right and wrong—can never be straightforwardly observed in the world around us. I can observe the properties and regularities of the natural world.
But the universe has no special particles, no unique forces, that can inform me what is the right thing to do. If someone announces his or her belief that undeserved suffering is morally good, this person is mistaken.
But mistaken in virtue of what, exactly? While the idea is intriguing, it ultimately does not succeed. The author correctly identifies the real question: What about the objectivity…of morality?
We try to follow cultural norms merely in a rule-involving manner. That is, they involve employing our social knowledge of explicit or implicit rules, that distinguish what is correct from what is incorrect, or what is allowed from what is disallowed. Fundamental moral principles, however, go beyond everyday customs.
By contrast, we try to follow moral principles in a reason-involving manner. They are about what you should do, regardless of what your culture dis allows or considers as in correct. There are reasons for you to follow moral principles that are above and beyond acting in an accordance with mere arbitrary social habits.
Imagine a culture that considered undeserved suffering to be good. Perhaps, according to their social rules, it would be correct to cause undeserved suffering. However, it could never be true that you really should cause undeserved suffering.
We have a much more compelling reason not to cause undeserved suffering; a reason that is not merely a matter of getting along socially. The question is, then, what are those morally compelling reasons, the ones that go above and beyond cultural norms?
Social rules can be clearly delineated and characterized.May 22, · If morality is subjective, then the first apparent question is whether there is a plumb line. If there is, it is found in a multi-systemic worldview.
Morals are encouraged by living in a moral. Having discovered this objective standard of value, we have our reference point for further unveiling an objective morality. From the fact of our own existence as . The Case for Objective Morality by Francois Tremblay. Short version: The unit of ethics is values.
Values are things that one must work to gain or keep (a simple example of that is nutrition). The phrase “objective morality” is a way of indicating that some behaviors are right (truth telling, kindness, tolerance) and some behaviors are wrong (rape, murder, racism) — for real.
Morality has changed. Morals are a personal gauge of right and wrong. To say that morality is objective is to say that notions of right and wrong are universal and fixed for all times; as in relating to or existing as an object of thought without consideration of independent existence.
If morality is objective, it is reasonable to ask: What is the mind-independent basis for objective morality and is this basis sufficiently binding? In other words, it is not enough to show some external ground for morality and then subjectively link .