Seared into all who fought it — and many who merely lived through it — that conflict remains a bitter stew of second-guessing and recriminations. Not only is Sorley — a third-generation graduate of West Point — a Vietnam veteran and a historian, but he worked for Westmoreland as well.
William Norton. William was the fourth son of Old Richard Norton and Susanna Neville Latimer. alphabetnyc.com Yorkshire. Gen. William C. Westmoreland The Communist emphasis on main force combat changed everything in South Vietnam. Therefore, General Westmoreland, who took command of MACV in June , would have been foolish to view the situation as purely an insurgency. Dec 11, · President Lyndon Johnson chose William Westmoreland, a distinguished veteran of World War II and the Korean War, to command the U.S. Military Assistance Command in Vietnam (MACV) in June
He was continually interrupted by the sound of artillery fire as he accused the communist forces of deceitful behaviour by attacking during what was supposed to be a holiday ceasefire.
Not that he was concerned, because the offensive was "about to run out of steam", and besides, it was "a diversionary effort to take attention away from the northern part of the country".
American television viewers were getting very different messages, with the communists briefly capturing the US embassy in Saigon and overrunning the imperial capital of Hue. In the event, a Westmoreland request for a furthertroops - to add to the existing- was quietly shelved and, by the end of March, President Lyndon Johnson was announcing peace talks and his imminent retirement from politics.
Westmoreland was moved to Washington as army chief of staff, but the Nixon administration rarely consulted him, and he never made it to chairman of the joint chiefs of staff. Westmoreland was permanently tainted as the commander of what became the worst military defeat ever suffered by the US.
This aura clung to him even years after he had retired. Induring the presidential primaries, he was on the same flight to Charleston, South Carolina, as Republican candidate Ronald Reagan.
During his four-year spell as commander in VietnamWestmoreland was a textbook version of how a general should look: He never accepted that the North Vietnamese or the Vietcong were capable of ambushing his troops; even incidents where upwards of 50 US troops were killed were invariably described as a "meeting engagement" - an unexpected encounter, rather than an organised one.
The worst example of this wilful misrepresentation was his press conference in Octoberafter the slaughter of US troops at Landing Zone Albany, in the battle of Ia Drang: At no time during the engagement were American troops forced to withdraw or move back from their positions, except for tactical manoeuvres.
The enemy fled from the scene. Westmoreland was born near Spartanburg, South Carolina, into a business and banking family. However, he was awarded the highest command position in the cadet corps in his senior year.
As a young colonel during the second world war, he commanded an artillery battalion in north Africa, and was decorated during the invasion of Sicily in After further action in France and Germany, he was made chief of staff of the Ninth Infantry Division, and shortly after the war ended, he was given command of a regiment in the 82nd Airborne Division.
FromWestmoreland served in the tail end of the Korean war, where he was promoted to brigadier, and was then given command of the prestigious st Airborne Division, though he never actually made a combat jump.
He had gained the approval of senior US military figures during a spell in the Pentagon, and, inwas made superintendent of West Point, where he was noticed by President Kennedy.
After a brief spell as deputy US commander in South Vietnam, he was made commander in Aprilin part because of his ostensible knowledge of guerrilla warfare. In a rarely mentioned radio interview in Novemberhe actually showed a sense of reality about what he faced in Vietnam: I do believe that there is a certain danger that we will be overwhelmed by a feeling of optimism and may lose sight of what I consider a true appraisal of the situation It involves a long conflict and we must be prepared to accept this.
This led to the policy of search and destroy, along with massive bombing, artillery and defoliation campaigns. There are no accurate figures for Vietnamese war dead, but they are conservatively estimated to be 2m, compared to the total Amer-ican deaths of 58, It should also not be forgotten that the US lost 8, aircraft, "approximately one half of which were helicopters".
The communists were taking the punishment, and occasionally having success in their military confrontation, but they still relentlessly pursued their political campaign from village level up.
As Stanley Karnow, the Vietnam reporter and historian noted: Instead of breaking their morale, they were breaking ours. When I dined with him inhe came across as an old and stubborn warrior, still blaming the US public for not supporting the troops in the field.
When I asked him where he lived, he said: It ended in an uneasy draw, when the general withdrew from the case with a grudging statement from CBS that they did not mean to impugn his honour.
Apart from this brief return to the spotlight, he was virtually ignored for the rest of his life, except at reunions of old soldiers. I gave my very best efforts You just have to let those things bounce off.Westmoreland County, Virginia.
Located in the Northern Neck of Virginia.
Established from Northumberland County in , the territory of Westmoreland County encompassed much of what later became the various counties and cities of Northern Virginia, including the city of Alexandria, Arlington County, Fairfax County, and Prince William County.
William Childs Westmoreland (March 26, – July 18, ) was a United States Army general, who commanded U.S. military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak (–68), including during the Tet Offensive. He adopted a strategy of attrition against the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese Birth name: William Childs Westmoreland.
Dec 11, · President Lyndon Johnson chose William Westmoreland, a distinguished veteran of World War II and the Korean War, to command the U.S.
Military Assistance Command in Vietnam (MACV) in June This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Westmoreland.
If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Sergeants Major of the Army.
The Sergeant Major of the Army is the highest ranking noncomissioned officer in the Army. 15th SMA - Daniel A. Dailey. [History of the County of Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, edited by George Dallas Albert (); pp. ] THE DILLINGER FAMILY - BETHANY STATION.