Communicable and chronic diseases

We all know from experience that the common cold lasts only a few days.

Communicable and chronic diseases

These 10 animal facts will amaze you Communicable disease refers to diseases that can pass from one person to another. Non-communicable diseases occur in one person and cannot be passed on to another person. Communicable diseases are also known as infectious diseases, and non-communicable diseases are referred to as chronic.

Communicable and non-communicable disease usually require different treatments. The separation of illness into communicable and non-communicable disease is useful for developing prevention and control strategies.

The distinction does not mean that one group is intrinsically more dangerous than the other, although the World Heath Organization WHO estimates that 60 percent of deaths worldwide are caused by non-communicable diseases.

Who is at risk of such diseases?

Communicable diseases are more prevalent in underdeveloped countries than developed countries. According to the WHO, there are four types of non-communicable diseases.

These are cardiovascular disease, cancers, non-infectious diseases of the respiratory system, and diabetes. The major causes of these diseases are lifestyle related. Lack of exercise, smoking, unhealthy diet, and abuse of alcohol are all important causes. One important difference between communicable and non-communicable disease is that non-communicable diseases tend to be chronic, which means they last a long time and progress slowly.

Communicable diseases are more likely to be acute, which means the disease develops quickly. Both types of disease may require medication, but non-communicable diseases may be better treated with lifestyle changes.

Ad Communicable diseases are caused by infectious organisms, like bacteria, fungiand yeast. Viruses and parasites can also be spread from person to person or from animal to person. A communicable disease can spread directly from person to person, such as in the case of a cold or flu virus.

It can also spread indirectly from a person to another person. Malaria is an example of an indirect transmission.

Communicable and chronic diseases

To illustrate, an infected mosquito feeds and subsequently infects one person. Then, another mosquito can feed from that person, picking up the parasite and infecting the next person it feeds from. Each region of the world has its own particular communicable disease profile as infectious organisms may require certain environmental conditions to thrive.

Communicable and Chronic Disease - Oklahoma State Department of Health

For example, malaria is common in Sub-Saharan Africa, tuberculosis is a problem in Asia, and the hepatitis C virus affects millions of Americans. Some infectious diseases, such as polioare preventable by mass vaccination. The line between communicable and non-communicable disease is sometimes blurred.

Certain chronic diseases are actually caused by an infectious organism when previously they were thought to be unrelated to infection.

Cervical cancer is one such case; it is caused by the human papilloma virus. Also, Epstein-Barr virus can cause various types of lymphoma cancers.

Health Conditions & Diseases

Research is ongoing into other chronic diseases to see if they are caused by communicable diseases.Oct 11,  · The communicable diseases are acute and have quick recovery but the non-communicable diseases are chronic and have no or longer recovery.

Diarrhea, dysentry, cholera, gonorrhoea, etc. are communicable diseases where cancer, diabetes, malnutrition, anemia, etc. are non-communicable diseases.

Preventable communicable, or infectious, diseases like malaria and HIV/AIDS account for millions of deaths in the world each year, especially in low-income countries.

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Noncommunicable, or chronic, diseases like heart disease and diabetes are having an increasing effect across the globe. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.

Almost three quarters of all NCD deaths, and 82% of the 16 million people who died prematurely, or before reaching 70 years of age, occur in low- and middle-income countries.

Communicable diseases. Communicable diseases are caused by germs transmitted through people, animals, surfaces, foods and air. Influenza, or flu, is a highly contagious viral respiratory illness. Flu can cause a worsening of chronic medical conditions such as heart disease, asthma and diabetes.

Communicable diseases. Communicable diseases are caused by germs transmitted through people, animals, surfaces, foods and air. Influenza, or flu, is a highly contagious viral respiratory illness. Flu can cause a worsening of chronic medical conditions such as heart disease, asthma and diabetes.

List of Communicable Diseases Local health departments are required to report some 80 communicable diseases to the California Department of Public Health as part of the disease surveillance and investigation efforts.

Communicable and Chronic Disease - Oklahoma State Department of Health