An overview of the arguments against and in favor of physician assisted suicide and euthanasia

Case 2 What is physician aid-in-dying? For related discussion, see also End of Life Issues. What role does language play in discussions of aid-in-dying?

An overview of the arguments against and in favor of physician assisted suicide and euthanasia

End of Life Suicide: Secular Perspectives Suicide has been unacceptable in most western societies for centuries. The social upheaval of the s in the United States has resulted in an increased emphasis on individual rights and an accompanying de-emphasis on responsibilities.

Overview/Background

This focus on individualism has also caused many secularists and some Christians to re-think the issue of suicide. Many see it as the ultimate expression of personal autonomy, therefore socially acceptable and even honorable in some circumstances. In addition, several organizations have been formed with the express purpose of disseminating this philosophy and literature, as well as with the intention of encouraging individuals to assist their loved ones in this "self-deliverance.

The reasons behind and the motivation for self-destruction are usually complex, often the end result of depression or other mental illness. Sadly, it sometimes also occurs in the godly person who feels unable to cope with the burdens of life. Theological Perspectives Christians have long subscribed to the idea that "we are not our own" but are stewards of a life given to us by the Creator God, a life made in His image Genesis 1: This concept underlies in a longstanding Judeo-Christian belief that suicide is wrong.

While there is no clear scriptural prohibition against self-destruction, many interpret the commandment against killing Exodus Some of the teachings of the early church fathers may have been initiated to help clarify this dilemma.

Augustine and Aquinas are primarily responsible for the formulation of the current Christian position against suicide. Problems with suicide include the attitudes it implies toward oneself, the community, and God.

An overview of the arguments against and in favor of physician assisted suicide and euthanasia

First, it manifests an unwillingness to bear, in love, with the weaknesses of the person for whom one has a unique and special responsibility: Second, it also has the effect of discouraging others in their own struggles. Even a suicide committed out of a motivation to relieve caregivers from suffering cuts a tie that binds all of us together and supports us all in our task of living.

It constitutes an attempt on the part of people to determine the end of their lives, as if they know fully the goal for which God has sustained them to this point. The Bible does indeed record various examples of suicide that it neither commends nor condemns explicitly.

Since the Bible communicates its message through both the failures and triumphs of people, this silence says nothing about the moral legitimacy of suicide. A broader analysis of other relevant biblical concepts is necessary to determine the moral status of suicide. Christian motivation has undergirded a significant portion of the modern hospice movement in Europe and North America.

Many Christians and others believe it is insufficient to say to people who are dying, "You should not take your own life. Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia:“Broad legalization of physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia would have the paradoxical effect of making patients seem to be responsible for their own suffering,” he writes.

As it stands, there is a solid argument in favor of human euthanasia or physician assisted suicide. As such, it should be recognized that “patients have a right to make their own decisions to preserve free choice and human dignity: this right includes the right to choose assisted suicide" (Ersek 48).

Physician Assisted Suicide. Let’s say a close friend of yours is really sick. According to doctors and specialists, your friend has about a 20% chance of living through the next year. favor of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in order to make an ethical judgment in the question of whether there exists a right to commit suicide or to request euthanasia .

According to one study that poses a similar argument about assisted suicide or euthanasia, “About two-thirds of oncology patients and the public found euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide acceptable for patients with unremitting pain.

Jun 13,  · Euthanasia is the termination of a very sick person's life in order to relieve them of their suffering. In most cases euthanasia is carried out because the person who dies asks for it, but there.

Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia Overview | The Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity